Hay view from Castle

Hay view from Castle
Hay-on-Wye, Powys (formerly Breconshire), Wales. The "Town of Books" (and Vaughans!)

Ellsworth Handcart Company, Iowa City, Iowa to Forence, Nebraska Territory, 3 June to 8 July, 1856

This is the first in a series of the handcart journey of my ancestors, Eleanor Jenkins Vaughan, her daughter, Jane Vaughan Lewis, Jane's husband, John Lewis, and Jane and John's son, John Samuel Lewis.

The various voices of the different diarists are in consistent colors. The most important being the green, official diary maintained by Andrew Galloway, Secretary to Captain Ellsworth. They are gathered and numbered by day which corresponds to numbered dots placed on a Rand McNalley map of Iowa (in two parts). I hope to produce a more sophisticated web-based system later. But this is good for a start. The Word version is easier to read and see the footnotes page by page if anyone wants a copy. Just let me know and I will email you one.

Much work still to do. This is about a third of the 109 days, but not a third of the miles. It is only beginning . . . .

Map No. 1. Iowa City to Des Moines. Days 1-17.
Map No. 2. On to Florence, Nebraska Territory. Days 17-30.
The principal sources are:

The Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database (OTD) maintained by the Church History Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS) (with a couple of contributions from this blogger).

FamilySearch.org, a free website of family history resources maintained by the LDS Church that anyone can use. (FS)

Faux, Steven F. Faint Footsteps of 1856-57 Retraced: The Location of the Iowa Mormon Handcart Route. (The Annals of Iowa 65, 2006), 226-251. http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol65/iss2/7/ 
(SHSI)

Barrett, LaMar C. General Editor with Hartley, William G. & Anderson, A. Gary, Sacred Places (Vol. 5): Iowa and Nebraska – A Comprehensive Guide to Early LDS Historical Sites (Deseret Book, Salt Lake City, 2006) (SP5)

And here we go!

Trail Accounts of the Ellsworth Handcart Company, 1856:

Jane Vaughan Lewis and family would have known David Bowen’s family from Blaenavon and Abersychan, Wales. He was baptized in Abersychan in 1853. Only 19, he was sent out ahead of his family to prepare a home for them. He was under the charge of Elder Galloway and his wife, Jane, who "treated him most kindly, like a son" (Bowen, David[1] OTD[2])

Enoch Trane [Train]. and we arived at Boston on the 30th[.] from there we went to New york thence to Iowa City[3] thence about 4 miles to the camping ground were we staid 6 weaks and 3 days wating for Hand Carts being made for my self and Wife [Rebecca Jane Finch Argyle[4]] and 6 Children[.] tooke up our march with the first han[d]cart Company that ever Crost the planes[.] myself and two of my Children pulled two carts for 14 fourteen hundred Miles[.] (Argyle, Joseph OTD) 

Whilst we where there [Iowa City] my husband worked for a farmer who tryed to persuade him to abandon the hand carts[.] said he could work and get him an outfit for the next summer but he was true to the work he started with even the hand carts. My little daughter had whooping cough from which she recovered nicely. Before starting for Florence the company had to leave there luggage which was piled up out of doors with the understanding that it would be delived at S.L.C that fall but it was not until the next and much of it was received for it was exposed to the weather all winter. 15 pounds pr. head was all that was allowed to be taken with the cam[p]. including beding clothing cooking in fact all we had for use. Our company June 9th 1856 left Iowa City. (Hanson, Frances Hiley Booth[5] OTD).

Tues. 3rd Arranged camping affairs & rec[eive]d notification through James Fergesen[6] that I was appointed by Pres[iden]t Dan[ie]l E Spencer[7] & council to take the Captaincy of the 1st 100 of the 1stHand Cart Co. to be presided over by Edmund El[l]sworth[8] as president. Cheerfully & much pleased I went to work to arrange for this expedition which I volunteered to go with while yet in England.
 Wed. 4th Verry buissy settleing affairs of the Com. I came from L[iver]pool with. Attended meeting in the eve[nin]g[.] Prest D. Spencer & Tyler[9] spoke. Prest S[pencer] said he would venture to day that the Lord’s hand would be heavy on the emigrating Saints if they gave way to a murmuring spirit because of the knowledge they possessed. that the Lord required verry much more of us than others who had not the teachings we have had.
Thur. 5th My 100 was augmented to 150 which was considdered to be about ½ of the 1stCom[pany]. W[illia]m Butler[10] was appointed Capt of the other half[.] Visited the sick. laid hands on a verry emaciated boy of a bro. John Lee’s.
Fri. 6th Meeting in the eve[nin]g[.] Eld[ers]: Spencer[,] Tyler & Furgesen spoke of the high anticipation thought & solicitude for the hand cart co. & how thankfull those ought to be who were about to start out. Prest S[pencer] said how softly had we all ought to walk before the Lord & before angles [angels] who are watching us with most anxious solicitude especially for this company. Bro. Fergusen said shame on him or her who would prop[h]ecy that the H[and] Cart Co. would not go through when Bro. Brigham had said they shall—said it seem it may be now as it has been the Lord has killed off one half of the people to scare the other half to do right.
Sat. 7th Put our boxes of clothing in care of W[illia]m Walker[11][.] Some paid 2/3 some all the am[oun]t at the rate of 12 & 15 $ per 100[.] Bro Walker has yet to go & buy Cattle & waggons to carry the luggag of the Hand Cart Companies. Eve[nin]g the 1st Hand Cart Co. Moved out of Camp amid much cheering[.] we only moved a few hundred yards to get in camping order[.] it was much to the surprise of the Camp to see us hover around & alight so near when they had bid us as they supposed, a long farewell[.] I can truly say one of the most glad days I have Ever seen I feel that verry many of the Saints will be gathered in this way I have full confidence that the plan will succede. Meeting in the eve of Sun. 8th
Sun. 8th General meeting of the whole Camp[.] Many gentiles from the surrrounding country present & some wondered some blasphemed. E[lde]r Tyler[,] I.G.T. McAlister[12] & Thomas Thomas[13] Spoke. Meeting in the Eve[nin]g in Prest El[l]sworth Co. I opened by prayer. E[lde]r Spencer & Tyler spoke  (Oakley, John[14] OTD)

Brother Parker[15] decided to buy six head of oxen for the plains. He offered to buy four head for me if I would see to buying and training his. I bought ten head and brother Lorin[16] made the yokes. Parker offered to pay Lorins expenses. We purchased a wagon and I drove the ten oxen to Iowa City 150 miles, walking a considerable part of the way.
On arriving we learned that President Daniel Spencer had arrived from England with a company of emigrants and several Elders. Brother Spencer had charge of the entire emigration, for that season. He established an outfitting post and camp. There were besides, the independent companies who had their own teams. There was a company of 500 persons who had to be provided with hand carts. Elder Web[17] had charge of this task.
President Spencer appointed me to furnish conveyances for all of the emigrants from the depot[18] to the camp. Also to provide transportation for all the luggage. All supplies and all the outfitting goods. I was to receive all wagons and provisions and forward them to camp.
I purchased all the supplies that could be purchased at Iowa City and forwarded them to camp. I realized that I had a full sized job. I made it my business to be off at dawn. I could seldom return until late at night. I missed many meals, and often had just a dry lunch, such as crackers and cheese. For two months I knew no rest.
President Spencer now had another pressing problem. He had no means of transportation for the luggage belonging to the Handcart Company. He gave me the responsibility of find[ing] a suitable place for storage. After making a thorough search of Iowa City I reported to President Spencer, there was no available building. I gave considerable thought to this serious problem. It seemed to me that these people should not land in Salt Lake City without their clothes, as there would be no possible way of obtaining these necessities there.
I then went to President Spencer. I asked him if he thought it possible for the company, as a whole, to pay one half of the cost of freighting. If they could, I thought it would be possible to take their luggage that they might have it on their arrival. The next morning President Spencer called me and turned the huge task over to me. I immediately set my sails for putting the task over.
I found that I could not <get> wagons this side of Chicago. I wrote Peter Suttler[19], ordering ten wagons and asking when I could depend on their shipment. Their reply was satisfactory.
It was now July 1st. I took a young man with me. We took a steamboat on the Missouri River and landed at Atchison. We walked thirty five miles into the country to purchase oxen. I bought one young spirited mule and five head of oxen. I thought I could drive back and buy on my way. I soon learned the price of cattle was much higher: so I returned to Iowa City, buying only one more yoke of oxen.
My arrival at Iowa City was timely as Mr Shuttler notified me the wagons were ready to ship. I went to Chicago and gave my personal note, and had the wagons shipped. I then returned to Iowa City. [It took Walker into the Fall of ’56 to acquire enough wagons, oxen, and yokes. Too late to start that season, he arrived with the baggage in September, 1857.] (Walker, William Holmes, OTD)

Sunday 8th Meetings as usual. Went to bid Mr. Lindley good-buy. We journeyed 3 miles.[20] Lost the cattle at night. Camped amongst bush and did not rest well. Harriet very ill. Found cattle Tuesday night at the old camp ground. (Walters, Archer[21] OTD).

One lady refused to give up her "over the weight limit tea kettle" and carried it all the way to SLC. (Lee, John[22], Extract from “Valient Ones.” (FS))

DAY 1

June 9th 1856. At 5 P.M. the carts were in Motion proceeding zion wards. The Saints were in excellent spirits bound zion wards. the camp travelled about 4 Miles[23] and pitched their tents. all well. (Galloway, Andrew[24], Official Secretary to Capt. Ellsworth, OTD).

June 9th we left the camping ground about 3 pm travelled about 5 miles & then camped for the night[.] lighted a fire & baked our bread[.] the Brethen went for water, the remainder of camp gave us a hearty Hurrah when we started[.] I felt thankful to my Heavenly Father that the time to move onward had arrived[.] Hannah[25] helped Brother [John] Robinson[26] with his cart[.] I carried Clara [Alice Robinson] (Ham, Ann[27], age 31, OTD).

Mon. 9th Came 3 mi. & camped in a grove[.] 11 of our 12 oxen escaped from the guard before 11 O.C. at night. (Oakley OTD).

Our first day’s march commenced about noon. We went through acres of hazel brush covered with hazel nuts in the mill. I began gathering nuts, other[s] joined me, and we ate a good many.  That night we camped by a stream. (Sabin, Mary Powell[28] OTD).

June 7 [9]- Started our trek with our handcarts. It was slow and dusty. We had to allow three of our children to ride all the way (one six months, one two years and one four years old). (Lee).

DAY 2

10th We remained in camp all day owing to three yoke of oxen having strayed from the herd. the brethren went out in search of them. the camp was ingaged in varrious duties. (Galloway OTD).

10 had a good nights sleep[.] felt better this morning then I have felt before for a long time[.] after Breakfast H[annah] Sarah & Lizzy & Absalom went & Picked a Hankerchief of strawberies[.] Lizzie & me went and gathered a can full after dinner[.] the oxen went astray therefore we had to lie in camp all day[.] felt very well and thankful that we had made a start to cross the Plains in our Handcarts. (Ham OTD).

Tues. 10th I rode back to the gen. Camp to hunt the oxen[.] saw Prest Spencer. I told him that it would be a lesson to us[.] yes he said you will find that all your time will be required to keep them right and have our minds on our business & dream about it &c (Oakley OTD).

The next day we travelled out into the prairies and didn’t see any houses at all. (Sabin OTD).

DAY 3

11th Early this morning the strayed cattle were brought back. about 8 A.M. the camp started forwarded & travelled 5 milles. pitched tents[.] Bro. Robinson & Jones carts broke down. (Galloway OTD).

11 had a good nights rest[.] the cattle found we started and walked to the nine mile House[.][29] two Handcarts broke down[.] they were soon mended and on we went again[.] the second company arrived about an Hour after us[.] we had a Beautiful camp ground[.] Strawberes in abundance[.] Brother Ellisworth [Ellsworth] addressed <us> in the Evening (Ham OTD).

Wed.11th the cattle were found on the herd ground of the Gen. Camp. Came 7 mi. 2 H[and] Cart Axels broke through carelessness. Eve[nin]g had a organization meeting. I motioned that we sustain E[lde]r Edmond [Edmund] El[l]sworth as president of the camp. He Motioned that I & Bro. W[illia]m Butler be his assistants[.] Edw[ar]d Frost[30] as Cap[tai]n of the guard & Bro.A[ndrew].Galloway as Sec. all unanimous carried[.] Prest E[llsworth] spoke[.] said he did not want to hear any more grumbling from this time on[.] that the Em[igratio]n had cost more that expected[.] consequently Prest Spencer was short of means so that we could not expect Sugar & Meat &c plentifully. said much depended on the success of this Co. if we failed it would throw a damper in the gathering of Israel[.] we are responsible for it will be our own faults if we fail for the Prophet Brigham has Said it can be done. said he would rather the people of this camp would cut open his heart & drink his hearts blood  than to hear any more grumbling for the judgements of the almighty would be upon us. Some gentiles present. they asked some questions as a general thing then treat us Kindly (Oakley OTD).

Wednesday 11th Journeyed 7 miles. Very dusty. All tired and smoothered with dust and camped in the dust or where the dust blowed. Was Captain over my tent of 18 in number but they were a family of Welch and our spirits were not united. Had a tent but Elder [Edmund] Ellsworth would not let me use it and had to leave my tent poles behind me. (Walters OTD).

One afternoon Father noticed Bro. [William Daniel] Jones[31] Pull away and halt by the side of the road. “What is the matter, Bro. Jones?” asked Father.
I see danger ahead, “said Brother Jones, “I promised [Elizabeth] Ann’s father I wouldn’t lead her into suffering. I see danger ahead.”
Bro Jones and his wife remained behind in Omaha. Bro. Jones being a butcher by trade, likely secured good work. Father said we should give him due credit for keeping his word to Ann’s father. (Sabin OTD).

[Written 22 June 1856] It will give you much joy to learn that the hand-cart experiment is now being fairly, and so far, most successfully tested. Captain Edmund Ellsworth left here on the 9th, with 274 souls, accompanied by elders [John] Oakley and [William] Butler as assistants. Captain D[aniel]. D. McArthur[32] left on the 11th with 221 souls, accompanied by Elders [Spicer Wells] Crandall[33] and [Truman] Leonard[34] as assistants. These numbering in all 497 souls, embraced 104 of the S. Curling’s company, and their fit-out was, together, 100 hand-carts, 5 wagons, 24 oxen, 4 mules, 25 tents, and provisions to Florence. Brother Ferguson visited their camps 35 miles out, and accompanied them during a portion of a morning’s march. He reports that, though their first two days’ travel were good marches for strong men, considering the sandy roads, he never visited a camp of travelling Saints so cheerful and universally happy. All were full of faith in God, and the fulfilment of His promises through His servants, and what few doubts existed in the minds of half-weakly believers, had all vanished when they saw the reality before them. The weak and feeble had already begun to gather strength; the sick were fast recovering, and the power of God was made abundantly manifest in the pouring out of His Spirit upon the people. Much credit is due, not only to the brethren in charge of the companies, but to the native Presidents of Conferences, who emulated each other in setting an example of putting in remainder of the S. Curling’s company of Fund passengers will leave to-morrow (Spencer, Daniel letter to Pres. F.D. Richards, OTD).

DAY 4

12th The camp started this morning at 6 A.M. travelled 12 milles[35]. the road was very dusty. pitched tents about 2 P.M. all in good spirits. (Galloway OTD).

12 started Early travelled 12 miles through clouds of Dust[.] I carried my little Clara[36][.] very tired when we stoped (Ham OTD).

Thurs. 12th moved on 12 mi. extremely disagreeable on account of dust[.] I fetched up the rear as I have done since we started picking up the weary feeble the women with child & adjusting them in the waggons of which we had 3[.] 2 of them were filled with people e this day. (Oakley OTD).

Thursday 12th Journeyed 12 miles. Went very fast with our hand carts. Harriet still ill. (Walters OTD)

Now we halted preparing the crossing of a stream on a ferry. The dark green forest was all around us. I grabbed a bucket and ran into the woods and picked it full of black berries. I took some little girls with me. Someone in camp began worrying about us. Bro. [John] Oakley said, “Don’t worry, she’ll come back, she always does.”
When I came out with my blackberries they all cheered. As often as I could I ran into the woods. I loved the hills, woods, moss, and hanging grape vines and wild flowers. There were so many birds. Their joy notes swelling in the woods brought a flood of rapture into my soul. (Sabin OTD).

DAY 5

13th The camp started about 8 A.M. travelled 7 miles[.] good roads. all went of well. visited by a good strangers. (Galloway OTD).

13 we went seven miles[.] some did their washing[.] Brother Ellsworth addressed us in the Evening[.] felt very well in Health and spirits (Ham OTD).

Fri, 13th Came 7 mi. & camped on a creek 2½ miles from Malings [Morengo?][.][37] Some 20 Strangers Came to our Camp evincing much curiosity (Oakley OTD).

Friday 13th Journeyed 7 miles. A pleasant road but journeyed so fast. (Walters OTD).

The fifth day out we reached a little trading post. The men here sold tobacco to the Indians, also trinkets of various kinds. (Sabin OTD).

DAY 6

14th The camp started this morning at 6 A.M. in good spirits[.] Travelled 7 milles.[38] pitched tents about 9 A.M. the roads good. the camp in good spirits. towards evening Elder James Fergusun came to us from the general camp. About 6 P.M. the William Lee[39], son of John Lee died of consumption, age 12 years. (Galloway OTD).

14 started at 6 am walked seven miles[.] Brother Ferguson came and those that went back with him[.] we were all glad to see him[.] Brother [John] Lees son [William] died <of consumption> just before he arrived. (Ham OTD)

Sat. 14th Came 7 mi. & camped on bear creek in a woods[.] the saints seem to endure much better than when we started[.] Bro. Lee’s boy [William] died age 12 y 4 mo. 25 d[.] I went to a saw mill near[.] the owner gave me boards to make a coffin[.] I told him the Lord would bless him for his liberality (Oakley OTD).

Saturday 14th Journeyed 7 miles. Pleasant. (Walters OTD).                                 

DAY 7

15th To day sunday the saints remained in Camp and held two meetings. the morning meeting commenced at half past ten. Singing & prayer by Elder Heaton[40][,] Elder Joseph France[41] addressed the meeting. Afternoon meeting commenced at half past 1 oclock[.] singing & prayer by Elder Lenerd[.] Elder E[dwa]rd Frost addressed the meeting[.] a great many strangers attended the meeting[.] good attention by all present. At 9 oclock this morning Lora Pratter [Preator],[42] Daughter of Richard Pratter [Preator],[43] Died of Hoopping cough age 3 years.
At half past seven the sacrement was administered to the two companies. it was a time of rejoicing to all. Elder Ferguson addressed the saints about 9 P.M. the above two children were intered at Little Bear Crick [Creek][44].

15 Sister [Mary Harper] Praters [Preator’s] child [Loran Isabella Preator] Died of [w]Hooping Cough[.] Brother [Joseph] France addressed us in the morning[.] there were many strangers Present[.] Brother [Edward] Frost addressed us in the afternoon[.] in the Evening we Partook of the Sacrament[.] Brother Ferguson addressed us after spoke well[.] he said he felt Sorry to go back & leave us, he would gladly go with us but it was not the will of the Lord he should. [Ham OTD]

Sun. 15th Bro. Richd Prator’s [Richard Preator’s] little girl [Loran Isabella] died age 3 y. 4 mo. 2 d. burried them both in one grave on a private burrying ground 200 yds. N. of the road near the Mill. Meeting A.M. & P.M. (Bro. Ja[me]s Ferguson from the Gen. Camp Came to visit us)[.] He Bro Ell[l]sworth & D McArthur spoke[.] Bro. T said it became this co. to be careful as the Devil would exert himself to smash the scheme. (Oakley OTD).

Sunday 15th Got up about 4 o’clock to make a coffin for my brother, John Lee’s son name William Lee, aged 12 years. Meetings as usual, and at the same time had to make another coffin for Sister [Mary Harper] Pr[e]ator’s child [Loran Isabella Preator]. Was tired with repairing hand carts the last week. Went and buried them by moonlight at Bear Creek. (Walters OTD).

June 15- Our son, William Lee, 12, died also Sister Prator's child. We buried them by moonlight on Bear Creek. I repaired handcarts every day. (Lee)

DAY 8

16th
At half past 6 A.M. the camp moved of in good spirits. Travelled 13 miles and rested from half past 11 A.M. till 4 P.M. at Bigg bear Crick [Creek]. the camp moved of 2 milles[45] and camped for the night. about nine we had a storm of rain. (Galloway OTD).

15[16] sister Robinson fainted. Hannah and me had some words. I had counsel from Brother Robinson concerning it. (Ham OTD).

Mon. 15th  [16] Came 13 mi. (Oakley OTD.)

Monday 16th Harriet very ill. Travelled 19 miles and after pitching tent mended carts. (Walters OTD).

DAY 9

June 17th 1856
At 4 A.M. the buggle was blown for all to turn out. at quarter to seven the camp moved of[.] travelled 10 miles and rested two hours. at twenty past two we pitched our tents. the journey was performed without any accident. No wood but plent[y] of water. About 20 minutes past three Job Welling[46] Son of Job Welling[47] Died. age 1 year & 7 months. Died of Canker, an inflamation in the bouels [bowels]. (Galloway OTD).

Tues. 16th [17] Came 11 mi[.] Job Welling’s little boy Job died here with a canker of long standing age 1 y. 17 mo. 17 d. (Oakley OTD).

Tuesday 17th Travelled about 17 miles; pitched tent. Made a little coffin for Bro. Job Welling’s son [Job Welling, Jr.] and mended a hand cart wheel. (Walters OTD).

DAY 10

18th
At 4 A.M. the buggle sounded for all to turn out. at 20 past 5 the camp rolled out. and travelled ten milles.[48] without any accident. pitched tents at 35 past 8 A.M. to give the sisters an oppertunity of washing the cloths [.] To day the body of Job Welling was intered 3 feet from the N.E. corner of Mr. Watrous Farmer[.] Township 80, Range 17, Section 25.[49] (Galloway OTD).

18th Came 9 mi. & buried Job Welling on the N.W. Corner of a Mr [illegible]’s farm near a creek—A few discontented and unfaithul Spirits began to be manifest complaining of smallness of rations &c (Oakley OTD).

Wednesday 18th Rose before sun rise; travelled about 10 miles. Very hot; and camped for the day. Harriet still very ill but hope she will soon be better if it please my Heavenly Father. (Walters OTD).

DAY 11

19th
The camp rolled out to day at a quarter to seven A.M. and travelled 15 miles[.]the journey was accomplished without any accident[.] we camped at ten minutes to tew[e]lve P.M. plenty of wood and water[.] Severall were <Re>Baptised by Elder John Oakley for their health 3 miles from Green Castle.[50] (Galloway OTD).

Thurs. 19th Came 12 mi. Crossed a considerable Stream I think Scunk [Skunk] creek—heat great—put in all our cart axles[.] I baptised 7 persons[.] Betsy Bourne[51] for remission of sins. Bowers[52] & Son. [Archer] Walters & daughters [illegible] Kettle[53] for their health—21839-1893),  other rebaptisms[.] Meeting in the Eve[nin]g[.] Prest E[llsworth] gave us much good instruction[.] told us much depended on the little meetings such as we have had & will have on the journey[.] in these we got to feel of one anothers spirits & understand one another &c (Oakley OTD).

Thursday 19th Travelled about 13 miles. Camped Bear Creek. (Walters OTD).

DAY 12

20th
The camp moved of[f] at a quarter to seven A.M. travelled 16 miles[.] the road was very hilly and rather rough[.] it was rather hard days travell. about a quarter to eight this morning John Lloyd[54] wife and family backed out this morning. He was very much given to drinking whisky along the road. We passed through the city of Newton this morning about 9 A.M. We rested by a stream from ten till twelve. Pitched our tents at 4 P.M. along side a beautifull stream of water[.] plenty of wood. Severall were Rebaptised for their health by Elder Oakley. (Galloway OTD).

Fri. 20th Came 14 mi. verry hilly & warm[.] one Bro Loyd [John Lloyd] and family. (Welsh) Complained that the Hand Cart pulling was too hard & stoped after pulling to the top of a hill[.] Bro. L[loyd] likes a full belly & plenty of Whiskey[.] Camped on Indian Creek[.][55] here I baptised 7 for their health (Oakley OTD).

Friday 20th Travelled about 14 miles. (Walters OTD).

DAY 13

21st
At ten minutes to seven the camp moved of and travelled 13 miles. rested 30 minutes by the side of a stream. and an hour on the top of a hill. No accident happened to the camp[.] all was well at ten minutes to 1 P.M. we pitched our tents in a grove[.] plenty of wood and water[.] at a quarter to 5 P.M. James Bowers Died of Quick consumption age 44, 24n [21] of June 1856.[56] (Galloway OTD).

21 Brother [James] Bowers Died of consumption neglect (Ham OTD).
In our early travels, Father [James] Bowers died on the journey and with others I stood guard in that night and kept fires burning, to keep the howling wolves around us from the corpse; (Bridges OTD).

Sat. 21thCrosed Scunk [Skunk] River. Camped on Yellow creek[.][57] a Bro. [James] Bowers died here Shortly after geting in Camp. Prest E[lsworth] quite tired out[.] requested me to take charge of the Camp[.] Several Gentiles came in our midst—by one a verry well informed man from Vermont (I think) a traveler, I learned the state of the Slave question in Kansas which is now racking the U.S. like a great ship in a storm as our prophet has predicted. the man told me that many volunteers from the different states had been Killed & others were preaching to their relatives friends parties &c taking the Killed for texts & asked him if he could not see that it must eventually become general but he said he did not think it would go fa[r]ther than Kansas (Oakley OTD).

Saturday 21st Travelled about 13 miles. Camped at Indian Creek. Bro. (Jas.) Bower died about 6 o’clock; from Birmingham Conference. Went to buy the wood to make the coffin but the kind farmer gave me the wood and nails. It had been a very hot day and I was never more tired, but God has said as my day my strength shall be. For this I rejoice that I have good health and strength according to my day. Indian Camp Creek. (Walters OTD).

DAY 14

22nd
Brother James Bowers was burried near to two other graves ¼ of mile East of the main Line for Fort Des Moin[es] Section 76 [26], Town ship 29 [79], Range 72 [22].[58] The camp was called together for meeting at 20 past 4 P.M. Singing[,] prayer by Elder Lenard. the meeting was addressed by Elder's Heaton, McCarthur, & Ellsworth. much good instruction was given. (Galloway OTD).

22 Camped near a Beautiful wood[.] had a goosebery Pudding for Dinner[.] Dined in the woods[.] Brother Granger[59] addressed us[.] Brother Mac farther & Ellisworth[.] there were many strangers Present[.] Brother Bowers was Buried[,] he has left 6 children and a wife to lament his loss (Ham OTD).

Sun. 22nd Burried Bro. Bowers (age 44 y. 5 mo. 2d. in Apple grove ½ mi. from the road ¼ mi from the line of a Mr Milards farm N & S. line (Bro. D McArthurs Co Camped with us) Meeting P.M. Some 30 Gentiles present. Bro. D. McA[rthur] said we do not want any of the sympathey of our Gentile friends[.] we had enough of them[.] Prest El[l]sworth told them their sympathies were towa[r]ds our prettiest girls & our strongest young men &c[.] they wanted them to stop & work for them[.] told them if they wanted to shew their sympathies they might do so by donating a few teams[.] one spoke & Said you are now in a free state[.] no Mo. Rufians here[.] Their feelings seemed to be they wanted us to whip their enemies the Mosourians [Missourians.] we gave them to understand that we expected them to do their own drudgery[.] I adminstered to a number of the sick[.] I realize more & more that the Lord is bringing us under training under the rod to dicipline us (Oakley OTD).

Sunday 22nd Got up at day break and made the coffin for Bro. James Bowers by 9 o’clock and he was buried at 11 o’clock. Aged 44 years, 5 months, 2 days. His relatives cried very much after I lifted him in the coffin and waiting to screw him down. 11 o’clock, washed in the creek and felt very much refreshed. Meeting 2 o’clock until seven. Bro. MacCarter spoke about being driven and he did walk into the Gentiles first rate and told them that they did not mean to be driven again and not to be excited by the priests to come against us as a people again for they would find them a terrible people. (Walters OTD).

DAY 15

23rd
The camp moved out at 25 past 7. A.M. travelled 10 milles, pitched tents by 10 A.M. the roads were rather rough some parts, and a little hilly & somewhat dusty. We past two middling good streams of water[,] a good camping ground[,] plenty of wood & water. 4 miles from Fort Des Moin[es].[60] past a small Town this morning,[61] 7 miles from the Fort. (Galloway OTD).

23rd Came 14 miles to 4 mi. Creek 4 mi. from the Fort Des Moin[es] town. burried a litle child Sidney Chein [Sheen][62] 3 mos & 14 days old[.] suposed to have ben lain on by its mother during the night[.] I burried him about 30 yds South of the Bridge on the E. Bank (Oakley OTD).

Monday 23rd Rose early and travelled 10 miles; then repaired the hand carts. Harriet a little better. (Walters OTD).

DAY 16

24th The camp rolled out at 30 past 6 A.M. travelled 11 miles. the roads were a Little rough, and somewhat dusty. the day was exceedingly warm through which it was rather hard for the hand carts boys. pitched tents at 30 past 1 P.M. plenty of wood[.] Water about ½ mile from the camp[63] on the Left side of the road. An old Mobinate came and tried to make a fuss with our Capt. Sydney Shinn [Sheen] son of James & Mary Shinn Junr Died this morning[.] Burried 30 yds south of the Bridge on 4 mile Creek on the East bank under an Elm Tree. (Galloway OTD).

24th Came 10 mi. extremely hot[.] Some of the saints fainted by the way[.] I had considerable dificulty in fetching up the rear[.] pased the River Des Moin[es][64] at the town of Des Moin[es.] 2500 inhabitants[.] some of the people here raged with the spirit of Cain against us (Oakley OTD).

Tuesday 24th Travelled 18 miles. Very hot. Bro. Ellsworth being always with a family from Birmingham named Brown[65] and always that tent going first and walking so fast and some fainted by the way. Bro. [Edward] Frost worn out by going so fast and not resting and many more. (Walters OTD).

DAY 17

25th
The Camp rolled out this morning 25 past 6 A.M. Travelled 19 miles[.] a gentle breeze blew nearly all the day[.] it was quite refreshing[.] the roads good. supplied water at 6 mile & at 9. pitched tents at 45 past 1 P.M. along side of a River bank[.][66] plenty of wood. (Galloway OTD).

W. 25th Came 16 mi. Meeting in the evening. Prest E[lsworth] I and Bro. [William] Butler spoke[.] I spoke on lousiness. cautioned against to freequent talking. & the purpose of the Lord in having us travel in this way[.] it was not that He had not sufficient Cattle &c but He wished to decipline & prove us (Oakley OTD).

Wednesday 25th Travelled about 13 miles. Sold some files to a Carpenter; repaired some hand carts. (Walters OTD).

DAY 18

June 26 th
26th The Camp moved of this morning at 31 past 6 A.M. travelled 10 miles. forded the River Racoon about 1 mile from the camping ground[.] passed the town of Balley[67] at 12 P.M. we again forded the Racoon[68] and camped in the west bank[.][69] plenty of wood and water. the road good with the exception of two or three hills. Emma Sheen Daughters of Robert & Eliza Sheen[70] died this morning of Hoopping-cough age 2 years & 8 months.

Thurs. 26th Came 14 mi. Camped on the middle fork of Grand River[.] here it rained a little for the 1st time since we Started from the Gen. Camp[.] burried a child of Bro. Chein’s [Sheen’s] 100 yds West of the Saw. Mill[.] died of Whopping Cough[.] Many Gentiles Came to camp—treat us well—Mostly from Indiana (Oakley OTD).

Thursday 26th Travelled about 1 mile. Very faint for the (lack) of food. We are only allowed about ¾ lb. of flour a head each day and about 3 oz. of sugar each a week. Tea good and plenty; about a ¼ of a lb. of bacon each week; which makes those that have no money very weak. Made a child’s coffin for Sister [Eliza] Sheen—Emma Sheen aged 2-½ years. (Walters OTD).

DAY 19

27th
Emma Sheen was burried this morning 72 feet S.W of a Walnut tree on the West bank of the Racoon nearly opposite the saw mill. at 7 A.M. the camp rolled out and travelled 10 milles. good roads[.] camped at 30 past 10 A.M. in a beautifull vally along side of a good stream[.] plenty on the right side of the road[.] on the West bank of the stream there is a beautiful spring of Water (Galloway OTD).

Fri. 27th Came 10 mi. C[amped] South folk of Coon River[71] (Oakley OTD).

Friday 27th Got up before sun rise. Cut a tomb stone on wood and bury the child before starting from camp. Travelled about 10 miles. Repaired hand carts and quite tired and slept without rocking. (Walters OTD).

DAY 20

June 28 th
The camp moved of at 40 past 5 and travelled 16 miles. the road was good with the exception of some parts of it being rather Hilly. The water rather scarce for about 13 miles. We got supplied with water at Bear station. Pitched tents at 1 P.M. pretty good camping ground[.] plenty of water[.] wood rather scarce. We had a heavey thunder storm about 6 P.M. 1 of the tents was blown down and other rent from top to bottem.

28 Camped on the Parie [prairie] had a violent storm[,] 3 tents blew down[.] ours stood it well, [Ham OTD]

Sat. 28th Came 16 mi. 12 mi without water[.] weighed some of the saints luggage[.] those whom we suspected of Keeping more than the 17 lbs & had Idols such as Boxes Books &c[.] A person calling himself a Harmonial Philosopher or Spiritualist lecturer followed me a mile or more to ask me concerning our doctrines. he also answered me to my enquirie’s that their superior inteligence Came from a race of Spirits who lived 1400 years ago. I told him ours came from Jesus Christ & his Apostles[.] Eve[ni]ng verry heavy wind & rain & tried for the 1st time our tents[.] 2 were much torn & 3 blew down (Oakley OTD).

Saturday 28th We think Harriet a little better. Rose soon after 4 o’clock. Started with high wind. Short of water and I was never more tired. Rested a bit after we camped them [then] came on a thunder storm, and rain blowed our tent down. Split the canvas and wet our clothes and we had to lay on the wet clothes and ground. I thought of going through needful tribulation but it made me cross. I took poor Harriet into a tent and fixed the tent up again as well I could at Bear Creek Station. (Walters OTD).

DAY 21

29th
We remained in camp all day and rested our bodies[.] the day was fine. severall strangers were in the camp. At 21 past 4 P.M. the saints met together for meeting, singing & prayer by Elder Crandel. the meeting was addressed by Elders Hargreave, Ellsworth, McCarthur, Lenard & Crandel on a variety of Subjects for the benifit of the saints.

29 Sunday the meeting was adressed by Brothers Hargrave[,] [Edmund] Ellisworth [Ellsworth,] Macfarther[,] Crandal & Leonard[.] the strangers were very attentive (Ham OTD)

Sun. 29th Remained in Camp & had Meeting P.M. Gentiles present as usual (Oakley OTD).

Sunday 29th Rather stiff in joints when we rose and thought, As thy day thy strength shall be, was fulfilled upon us for which I feel thankful to my Heavenly Father. Busy all day. My wife and Sarah [Ann Walters] mending. Short of provisions. Children crying for their dinner. Got the tent up and slept comfortable. (Walters OTD).

DAY 22

June 30th
The camp moved out at 55 past 6 A.M. Travelled 16 milles. We travelled 12 milles without resting. the sure but middling part of the way somewhat hilly. no water for 12 miles. pitched tents at 10 past 1 P.M. all in good spirits. plenty of wood & water.

30 started at six Carried Clara till the Handcarts overtook us then put her in the covered cart and kept with the carts the remainder of the way[.] thought a good deal about Eddy & my grandfather[.] Oh Lord my Heart is fixed to do thy and to keep thy comandments and thou k[n]owest it, Comfort me therefore wherein thou seest my soul is troubled[.] Brother Ellisworths Birthday they Decorated the tent with flowers[.] the Band Played some lively tunes (Ham OTD).

Mon. 30th Came 16 mi[.] a little N. of the Stage road[.] good spring[.] 2 houses near. Bro. [Cyrus William] Card’s[72] (from N. Y. State) daughter Polly C Card age 14 y. 9 mo. 9 da. died of consumption. burried in burrying ground at the Town of Linden (I think). Bro. Card & Bro. France travelled in Company with their families in waggons but not connected with the H[and] Cart Co. (Oakley OTD).

Monday 30th [A]Rose in good health, except Harriet, and started with our hand carts with but a little breakfast as only 3-½ lbs. of flour was served out over night, but never travelled 17 mores more easily. Got 5 lbs. of flour and bacon about 1-¼ lb. ¾ rice, sugar ¾ lb. and was refreshed after satisfying nature. Sleep very well after prayers in tent. (Walters OTD).

DAY 23

July 1st
The camp moved out at 10 past 7 A.M. and travelled 15 milles. the road were rather rough. passed one creek of water[.] camped on the side of a creek plenty of water. Wood plentyfull about ½ mile from the camp. about half past ten P.M. we had severe thunder storm[.] one tent was blown down and another rent.

July 1st a storm before we started[.] walked 10 miles and then we rested[.] went with the Handcarts all through as Clara rode in the big Cart, Oh my Father Hear My Prayer that <my> soul may <be> comforted concerning that which thou seest troubleth me[.] I know that thou will in the End cause all things to work together for my good
Sister [Sarah] Cards Daughter [Polly Caroline Card] Died of consumption[.] a violent storm in the night[,] the tent stood it well but we had to hold it which made us very wet[.] Brother Parkers little Boy got left behind in the s[e]cond company (Ham OTD).

Tues. July 1st Came 14 mi. Some rain (Oakley OTD).

Tuesday JULY 1st Rose soon. It looked very cloudy and began to rain. Travelled about 15 miles. Walked very fast,—nearly 4 miles an hour. Brother Brown’s family and some young sisters with Bro. Ellsworth always going first which causes many of the brothers to have hard feeling. I have heard them call them and Bro. Ellsworth as well, as he always walks with them and looks after them, being in the same tent. ½ lb. of flour each; 2 oz. of rice; which is very little and my children cry with hunger and it grieves me and makes me cross. I can live upon green herbs or anything and do go nearly all day without any and am strengthened with a morsel. Repaired hand carts. A storm came on about 11 o’clock and lasted 1 hour ½. Split the tent and not a dry thread on us. (Walters OTD).

DAY 24

July 2 nd
We remained in camp till 50 past 3 P.M. owing to Brother McCarthurs [McArthur's] company having lost a boy by the way. at the above hour we started and travelled 10 milles[.] rested about half an hour in the bank of the River Nishneybottoney.[73] camp 2 ½ W.N.W. of Indian town at the banks of a River[.] plenty of wood[.] a most delightfull camping ground.

2 started at noon waited for the return of the child But he is not found yet (Ham OTD).

Wed. 2nd Came 10 mi. Strong wind[.] heavy rain during the night & much lightning[.] Some tents tore[.] remained in Camp till ½ past 3 O.C. P.M. while Bro McArthur’s Co hunted for a boy who staid back[.] Camped near the Town of Lewis[.] here we found a family of saints from Tow [.] Man’s name Jos. Peltser[74] (German) some fire in him but a little wild (Oakley OTD).

Wednesday 2nd Rose about 5 o’clock after sleeping in wet clothes, and made a coffin for Bro. [Cyrus William] Card belonging to the Independent Company but travels with us, for his daughter named _______ [Polly Caroline] Card, aged _____ [14]. 5 miles from Indian town. Brother Parker’s boy, from Preston, England, aged 6 years, lost. 2 miles, gone after him which makes us stop today and we hope the brothers will find him. Not found; travelled about 14 or 15 miles. (Walters OTD).

DAY 25

July 3rd
The camp moved out at 45 past 9 A.M. and travelled 14 milles. Rested at the side of the creek 6 miles from where we started[.] very little water as we came along. after travelling 12 miles we turned down a road to the right two miles and camped by the side of creek with plenty of water[.][75] Little wood. about 20 of the camp Lost their road but returned about midnight. (Galloway OTD).

3rd many of our Camp walked ahead with the Children took the wrong road. there were five from our tent Sarah & John[,] Brother Birch[76] two Children & sister Morris[77][.] the mule team arrived & Did not bring them[.] Lizzy & Brother Birch took a Handcart and went to seek them[.] <found them> 10 mi from camp[.] they arrived safe at camp about four in the morning, tired & weary (Ham OTD).

Thurs. 3rd Prest El[lsworth] and I ate breakfast with Bro. Peltser[.] Prest E[llsworth] bought an Excelent cow of a proffessed bro. named Kerney (good looking man but no fire in him) a turn in the road & indistinct which together with disobedience of counsel (going on out of sight of the Hand Carts) caused a all nights travel for all to get together again (Oakley OTD).

Thursday 3rd Ever to be remembered. Bro Card gave me ½ dollar for making his daughter’s coffin. Start with my cart before the camp as others had done but was told not and had to suffer for it. Went the wrong way; about 30 of the brothers and sisters and went 10-½ miles wrong way. We put our three hand carts together and made beds with all the clothes we had and all layed down about ½ past 10 o’clock. 11 o’clock Bro. [William] Butler, who had charge of the mule teams, came with the mules and wagon to fetch us. Got to camp when they were getting up. Laid down about an hour and started with the camp. (Walters OTD).

DAY 26

July 4th
The camp moved out at 10 past 7 A.M. and 20 miles. we past two creeks. the first ten milles. the other ten no water. the roads good. camped at 15 past 3 P.M. along side of a good creek of water. plenty of wood 14 milles from Councel bluffs[.][78] all in good spirits. (Galloway OTD).

4 walked twenty miles through a very bad road and the last ten or twelve miles without any water[.] never did we suffer from thirst before as much as we did then. Brother Ellisworth talked to Brother Morris in the [text missing] Brother [Joseph] Argille [Argyle] shot an Elk belonging to a farmer in a mistake for which the camp has to Pay 50 dollars (Ham OTD)

Fri. 4th Came 20 mi. Camped on a Creek near a saw & grist mill[.] Bro. Ja[me]s Argile [Argyle] shot a tame female Elk while it was with a herd of cattle[.] he thought it wild & a glorious game chance[.] the owner said he would settle for 60$ <50$>[.] we took it[.] divided it among the two companies Prest E[llsworth] & McArthurs[.] weight about 300 lbs[.] I feel & have felt that the Saints are too greedy <& lustfull> after meat (Oakely OTD).

Friday 4th About 20 miles. Tired out. Tied my cart behind the wagon and we got in, after 3 nights. 1st night, thunder, lightning and rain and our tent splitting and blowing over. All wet to the skin. 2nd night: wind blowing; had hard work to hold the tent up and this last night no sleep. Went to bed; sleep never better and rose refreshed. (Walters OTD).

DAY 27

5th The company remained in camp to day to rest[,] get their cloths washed. (Galloway OTD).

5 Brother Parker returned with his son[.] he found him at some house (Ham OTD).

Sat. 5 Remained in camp[.] I sought out some Hickory for cart Axles for they were wearing much (Oakley OTD).

Saturday 5th A deer or (h)elk served out to camp. Brother Parker brings into the camp his little boy that had been lost. Great joy right through the camp. The mother’s joy I cannot describe. Expect we are going to rest. Washing, etc. today, Jordan Creek. Make a pair of sashes for the old farmer. Indian meal; no flour. Slept well. (Walters OTD).

DAY 28

6th To day sunday we remained camp. had meeting at 20 past 4 P.M. singing and prayer by Brother Crandel. the meeting was addressed by Elders Galloway, Oakley, Ellsworth, & McCarthur [McArthur]. a good many strangers present. some were attentive[.] others good [could] not hear the doctrine and walked of[f] grumbling. (Galloway OTD).

Sun. 6th Meeting Bro. El[l]sworth[,] Galaway [Andrew Galloway] & I spoke[.] I spoke some to some Gentils present & then to the saints in faith adverting to the children of Israel when the serpent was lifted for them to look upon. That the Saints who have not yet taken hold of the Hand carts in faith & have confidence in President El[l]sworths promises & those who are afflicted cease to say that nature must have its course like the Sectarian Song I have been diseased for 15 years &c &c[.] That it was time realize that we are serveing a God of miracles who has lost none of his power. (Oakley OTD).

Sunday 6th Made 2 doors for the farmer,—3 dollars and boarded with the farmer. (Walters OTD).

DAY 29

7th
The camp rolled out at 7 A.M. Travelled 15 milles, the roads were very hilly. rested 30 minutes along side of a good creek. for about 8 miles there was little or no water. passed a few houses about 2 milles from the camping ground where a good many old mormons were staying. pitched tents about 5 P.M. (Galloway OTD).

Mon. 7th The owner of the Elk refusing to take 30$ Prest E[llsworth] told him to get what he could from Bro. Jam[e]s Argile [Argyle. got a sheriff & tried to make Prest E[llsworth] believe that he was responsible because he led the Com. no. go. So he took up with 12$[.] I came on ahead with the mule team to buy provisions at Kainsville [Kanesville] & meet the Com. on the Mo. bottom by Little Pideon Creek.[79] travelled till dark but did not find them[.] turned out the mules & watched them all night near a (half) bro. William’s mill (Oakley OTD).

Monday 7th Harriet better. Lydia [Walters] poorly. Travelled about 20 miles. (Walters OTD).

DAY 30

8th
The camp moved out at 7 A.M. and travelled 16 milles over a very rough road up & down hills. A hand cart broke down by the way. The camp rested at Pigeon Creek for two & half hours, cooked diners and got nicely rested. passed the Missoura [Missouri River] by the steam ferry Boat a Little below florence[.] got to the camping ground at <Florence> 50 past 4 P.M. (Galloway OTD).

Tues 8th The Came [Company] lost their way consequently I did not find them till noon after dillegent search[.] they were hungry & of course glad to see me—crosed over the Mo. River in a Steam ferry boat to Florence a newly commenced town on the site of our Winter Quarters of 1846 & 7 (Oakley OTD).

Tuesday 8th Travelled around-about road about 20 miles. Crossed the river Missouri and camped at the City of Florence. Very tired; glad to rest. Slept well. Lydia better and Harriet. All in good spirits. Expect to stop some time. Old Winter Quarters. (Walters OTD).

we stade ten Days at Florance [Florence] then started to cross the planes and we arived in Utah on the 26 Day of september with all of my family alive for which I thank God (Argyle OTD).

After a short stay at Florence to get Cattle the[n] We started in company with the First Hand Cart Company across the plains. (Armstrong[80] OTD).

went up the river to Florrence [Florence] with a company of Saints that was going in a few days. Edmond El[l]sworth arrived a few days after with the first company of Saints for Salt Lake. Mr. [Thomas C.] Armstrong sent his Boy to me, saying his Father wanted to see me, I went and he wanted me to drive his Team to the Valley w[h]ich I consented too. Captain El[l]sworth was prepareing to move on. there were 4 private outfits traveling with him, and I was one of them. The company being ready we formed in line. It was a grand sight to see them travel, the hand Carts on the lead, and the wagons in the rear. (Attley OTD).

We were allotted one tent to 20 persons and four handcarts to each tent. We sometimes traveled 28 miles a day and always got to camp a long way ahead of the wagons. We were allowed 17 pounds of baggage; that meant clothes, bedding and utensils. When the brethren came to weigh our things some wanted to take more than the allotted portion and put on extra clothes—so that many who were real thin became suddenly stout, and as soon as the weighing was over, put their extra clothes on the handcarts. But that did not last long. In a few days we had to have all weighed again and many were found with much more weight on the carts than allowed. One old sister carried a tea-pot and colander on her apron string all the way to Salt Lake. Another one carried a hat-box full of things—but she died on the way [Mary Mayo]. . . . Some may recall [recoil] at thought of a supper cooked in water dug from a buffalo wallow, and with buffalo chips, but it tasted good to us  (Jones-Ellsworth OTD).

Many of the people apostatized and left the company here at Council Bluffs. A new company was organized and it was here that I traded my watch for a cow. After we had gotten the company together with all of our provisions and had carts, we started west. There were a great many women and children. We left Omaha July 20, 1859 1856][. I was chosen to drive the cattle ahead. I would drive the cattle over a stream then go back and help get the women and children and handcarts across. Then, travel on, our clothing having to dry on our backs. At times the mud would be up to our ankles, due to heavy rains. Seven men and one woman and a number of children died between Omaha and Salt Lake Valley due to their hardships and exposure. (Butler, William Autobiography 1880s, FS)


[1] David Bowen (1837-1910). Lived with the Galloways in Salt Lake City. Married Annie Shackleton in 1861. Moved to Cache Valley, Utah. Their son, Albert Bowen (1875-1953), was a Member of the Quorum of Twelve in the LDS Church. (FS).
[2] Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database at https://history.lds.org/overlandtravel.
[3] Iowa City was the end of the rail lines west in 1856. The Mormon camp was located on the present site of the University of Iowa, Mormon Handcart Park and Nature Preserve in Coralville. (SP5).
[4] David Argyle (1818-1905) born in Leicester, UK. Came with wife Rebecca Jane Finch (1824-1890), and children, Joseph Jr.  Benjamin James (1843-1917), Mary Ann (1847-1922), Frances (1850-1939), Alonzo Lorenzo (1853-1940), and Priscilla (1854-1932). Rebecca was pregnant during the journey and gave birth to son Hyrum born 10 November (1856-1929). The Argyle’s settled in South Davis County. David and Rebecca both died in West Bountiful. (FS).
[5]Frances Hiley Booth Hanson (1833-1914) born in Warkwickshire, England, travelled with husband, George Davis Hanson (1831-1905), and their daughter, Clara Jane Hanson (1855-1922). The Hansons settled in Mill Creek, Salt Lake County. (FS).
[6] James Ferguson (1828-1863), born in Belfast, Ireland, he was one of the returning missionaries having first arrived in Utah in 1848. After arrival in 1856 with the Grant Wagon Co., he turned around as a member of the handcart rescue. His first wife may have been Jean Robinson, also from Ireland. He married Lucy Nutting who sailed on the Brooklyn in San Francisco about 1847. The Fergusons settled in Salt Lake City. James practiced plural marriage with three additional wives. He was in the Mormon Battalion, served as Salt Lake County Sheriff and in the Territorial Legislature. His cause of death appears to have been the result of alcoholism. (FS).
[7] Daniel Spencer, Jr. (1794-1868) born in West Stockbridge, Massachusetts. Married Sophronia Pomeroy (1805-1832) in 1823. Married Sarah Lester (1805-1845) in 1834. He was baptized LDS in 1840. After the death of Joseph Smith, he was elected mayor of Nauvoo. Married Mary Spencer (1824-1846) in Nauvoo, 1845. Married Emily Shafter Thompson (1819-1895) in Winter, Quarters, 1846. Was a bishop in Winter Quarters 1846-47. Practiced plural marriage with three additional wives. Mission to Britain 1852-56, Counselor to Pres. Franklin D. Richards. Returned to Utah in 1856 with the Grant Wagon Co. President of the Salt Lake City Stake (1849-68). (FS).
[8] Edmund Ellsworth (1819-1893) born in Paris, NY. Married Elizabeth Young (1825-1903), daughter of Brigham Young, in Nauvoo 1842. Pioneer of ’47 in first Company. Married Mary Ann Dudley (1834-1916) in Salt Lake City, 1852. Led first handcart company June-Sept. 1856. Married Mary Ann Bates and Mary Ann Jones from the handcart company, 4 October 1856. Moved to Weber Co., 1866. Moved to Show Low, Arizona, 1880. Convicted of unlawful cohabitation, spent time in Arizona Territorial prisons in Prescott, Yuma and Maricopa Counties. Released and returned to Show Low where he died. (FS).
[9] Daniel Tyler (1816-1906), born in Sempronious, NY. Member of Zion’s Camp. Married Ruth Welton in Kirtland, OH, 1836. Member of Mormon Battalion and published history. Came to Utah in ’47 and again in ’48 with the Willard Richards Co. After mission to Britain, returned to Utah as Asst. Capt. In the Martin Handcart Co. Sent to Beaver, Utah where he died at age 89.
[10] William Butler (1825-1905) born in Ireland. Went for Canada then to Utah and joined the LDS Church settling first in Kaysville. Mission to Ireland and Britain. Married Emma Harvey in Cradley, Herefordshire, England (8 miles from Benbow Farm), 1856. Returned in Ellsworth Handcart Co. as Captain of second hundred with wife, Emma. Married four additional wives and spent time in Utah Territorial Prison. Established home in Marriott, Weber Co. and died there.
[11] William Holmes Walker (1820-1905) born in Peacham, Vermont. LDS Baptism in 1834. Was wounded at Haun’s Mill 1838. Married Olive Hovey Farr in Nauvoo, 1843. In Mormon Battalion with sick detachment to Pueblo 1846. Arrived in Salt Lake City with Daniel Spencer Co., 1847. Married 2nd wife, Mary Jane Shadden and built home in Farmington. Mission to South Africa, 1853. Placed in charge of extra baggage of handcart pioneers in 1856, his freight wagons arrived in Salt Lake City, Sept. 1857. Built homes on Big Cottonwood and in Lewisville, Idaho. Married two additional women. Died in Idaho.
[12] John Daniel Thompson McAllister (1827-1910) born in Lewes, Delaware. LDS Baptism 1844 in Philadelphia. Married Ellen Handley 1848. 1851 arrived in Salt Lake City in Cordon Co. and left for British Mission. Wrote “The Handcart Song.”  Returned to Utah in the Grant Wagon Co. Oct. 4, 1856 and left for the handcart rescue. Married seven additional wives, numerous “sealing only” wives. Mission to Eastern States and Europe 1860. Returned to Utah in the Harmon Co. 1862. President of St. George Stake and Temple 1877. President of the Manti Temple 1893. Died in St. George. (FS).
[13] This is probably Thomas Thomas (1813-) who was a Captain of Ten in the Hunt Wagon Co., 1856. He was from Cardiff and seems to disappear from the historical record after arrival in Utah, marriage to Elizabeth Phllips (1835-1921) (Bunker Handcart Co., 1856), and three children born in by 1863. Lived in Ogden, Utah. (FS, OTD, MMD).
[14] John Degroot Oakley (1819-1890). Born in Flatlands, NY. LDS Baptism 1840. Married Mary McCormal Patterson (1824–1882) in Nauvoo 1845. First arrived in Utah in the Hunter-Horne Co. of 1847. As a returning missionary, John traveled in the Ellsworth Co. 1856 and turned around as part of the Rescue Companies. He married Luisa Jones (1837–1915) in Salt Lake City in 1857, one of those he rescued who was in the Hodgetts Wagon Co. Mary divorced him in 1869. John and families lived in St. George and then he went to Snowflake, Arizona. John died in Snowflake. (OTD, FS).
[15] This appears to be Robert Parker (1820-1901) born in Lancashire, England. Died in St. George and is buried in Washington, Utah. He traveled in the McArthur Co. with wife Ann Ruth Hartley Parker (1819–1899), and their children, Maxillian (1844-1938), Martha Alice (1846–1925), Arthur Hartley (1850–1869), and Ada (1855–1930).
[16] This appears to be Lorin Walker (1822-1907) who helped with outfitting until 1860. He and his family settled in Farmington, Utah, then pioneered Rockland, Idaho, where he died. (FS).
[17] Chauncey Griswold Webb (1812-1903). LDS baptism in 1834 the same year he married Eliza Churchill (1817-1884). He took a second wife, Elizabeth Lydia Taft (1827-1909) in Nauvoo. Captain of 50 in the Brigham Young 1848 Co. As a return missionary, he was wheelwright for the handcarts and, in the Grant Wagon Co., 1856, and a member of the handcart rescue. He married three wives from the handcart companies, and one additional wife in 1868. His and Eliza’s daughter, Ann Eliza Webb (1844-1917), was married to Brigham Young whom she divorced with much notoriety (AKA the 19th or 27th wife). Chauncey sympathized with his daughter and broke his friendship with Brigham and activity with the church in his later years. (FS, SP5).
[18] The Iowa City Railroad Depot Site is a half mile north of US 6 on Gilbert Street, near the intersection of Bowery & Johnson. (SP5)
[19] Not yet identified.
[20] Three miles out on current US 6 northeast of the handcart staging camp would have placed this camp just on the other side of Coralville, Iowa.
[21] Archer Walters (1809-1856). Born in Cambridge, England. Married Harriett Cross (1809-1883) born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. They traveled with their children, Sarah Ann (1838–1915, who married William Clayton in 1856), Henry Archer (1840–1927), Harriet (1842–1912), Martha (1844–1908), and Lydia (1850–1900). Archer died from dysentery in Great Salt Lake City attributed to his weakened condition twenty days after arrival. Harriett died in Salt Lake City with no record of remarriage.
[22] John Lee (1822-1907). From Nottinghamshire, England. Served LDS Mission in England. Traveled on the Enoch Train. Married Sarah Roebuck (1821-1909) from Yorkshire in 1841. With Ellsworth along with Sarah and six children, William (1844-1856), Fanny (1845-1924), Elizabeth (1845-1891), Samuel (1851-1929), Chauncey Charles (1853-1941), and Sarah Ann (1855-1892). They settled in Heber City.
[23] Four or five miles northeast on current US 6 would be just short of Tiffin, Iowa.
[24] Andrew Galloway (1827-1904). Born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. LDS Baptism 1846. Served mission on the southern Welsh border and likely knew the Vaughan Family. Was present with Edmund Ellsworth in Abersychan, Monmouthshire, when he had dream about handcarts. Official Secretary to Captain Ellsworth, he kept accurate record of the trail. Settled in Tooele, Utah, then St. Charles, Idaho, where he is buried. Married Jane Croft (1831-1901) in 1851 who traveled with him in the Ellsworth Co. along with their daughter, Anna Eliza (1852-1917). Married Jane Sinclair (1839-1905) in Salt Lake City, 1857, who came in the Young Wagon Co., 1857. Married Rachel Dorman (1848-1879) in Salt Lake City, 1870.
[25] Hannah (Annie) Matilda Baldwin (1838-1906) companion to Ann Ham.
[26] John Robinson, Sr. (1810-1883) from Hill Top, West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England. Married Mary Wood (1809-1846). LDS Baptism 1840. They went to Nauvoo. Mary ill at expulsion from Nauvoo, 1846, and died in St. Louis. John returned to England with daughters Elizabeth (1834-1929) and Sarah (1836-1930). Married Mary Ann Sorrill (1821-1853). Married Emma Lucas (1829-1890). Went on mission in England and returned to America on the Enoch Train with wife Emma, daughters Elizabeth and Sarah by 1st wife, John Jr. (1850-1929) by 2nd wife, and Clara Alice (1855-1943) by Emma. Settled in Springville, then Manti, then Spring City, Utah, where he died. (FS).
[27] Ann Ham (1825-1888) born Denkeswell, Devon, England. Taken in to the home of Bishop William Haney Hickenlooper (1804–1888), who was bishop of the Salt Lake City 6th Ward and whom she married as his 3rd wife on 16 November 1856. Settled in Pleasant View, North Ogden, Utah, where she died. (FS).
[28] Mary Ann Powell Sabin (1843-1929). Born in Llanover [Llanofer], Wales, south of Llanfoist near Abergavenny, Wales. Her family also spent some time in Blaenavon, so she likely knew the Vaughan Family. (FS) Came with Ellsworth. on the Enoch Train and in his handcart co. Settled first in Salt Lake City, then Payson, then Salem, Utah, where she died. Married David Dorwart Sabin (1841-1899) in a monogamous union. Sabin was originally from Pennsylvania.
[29] Believed to be Tiffin, IA (SHSI).
[30] Edward Frost (1824-1870). From Devon, England. Captain of the Guard in Ellsworth Co. Travelled with wife, Eliza Louisa Franklin Frost (1829-1904), mother-in-law, Elizabeth Franklin (1796-1865), and children Isabella (1848-1860), and John Franklin Frost (1851-1937). Settled in Grantsville, Utah, and died there. (FS)
[31] William Daniel Jones (1813-1858). Travelled to America with his wife, Elizabeth Ann Williams (1820-1906), and their children, Rachel (1840-1931), Anne Elizabeth (1842-1905), Daniel (1843-1916), Miriam (1848- ), and Richard J. (1852-  ) William [Dan] and Elizabeth [Ann] were married in Trevithan, Monmouthshire, near Pontypool and Abersychan. Jones was a butcher. They likely knew the Vaughans in Wales. They settled in Omaha where they lived out their lives. (FS)
[32] Daniel Duncan McArthur (1820-1908). Born in Holland, New York. Baptized LDS 1838 in Davies Co., MO. First came to Utah in 1848 with Brigham Young Co. Led Companies in 1856, 1863, and 1868. Served in the Endowment House 1856 with Eleanor Jenkins. Vaughan received her endowment. Three plural wives. Died in St. George, 1908.  (OTD, FHL, FS)
[33] Spicer Wells Crandall (1822-1879). Born in Lancaster, New York. LDS Baptism, 1837. In Nauvoo, married Sara Susannah Gill (1818-1847) who died in Nebraska. Married Irinda Spafford (1829-1850) who died in Kanesville, Iowa. Went to Utah and settled in Springville, 1850. Married Sophia Kellogg (1828-1913). Mission to Britain in 1852. Returned to Utah with McArthur Co., 1857 Married Mary Branagan (1834–1919). Called as Counselor to Bishop Aaron Johnson in 1861. Married Susannah Wimmer (1834–1918). Died in Springville. (FS). Crandall may have been the connection that took the Lewises and Elinor Vaughan to Springville.
[34] Truman Leonard (1820-1897). He travelled with wife Ortentia White (1825-1898) to Salt Lake in 1850.  Mission to Indian, 1852. Returned on the Enoch Train and travelled with McArthur Co. Married two plural wives in 1857, Mary Ann Meadows (1835-1899) and Margeret Bourne (1836-1904). Both of these women travelled with the Ellsworth Co. Settled in Farmington, Utah and died there. (OTD, FS)
[35] Homestead, Iowa. Across Iowa River from Amana Colonies which weren’t settled until later in 1856. (SHSI)
[36] Clara Alice Robinson (1855-1943). Daughter of John Robinson whom Ann Ham was assisting. Clara married Rueben Warren Allred, Jr. in Salt Lake City, 19 Dec. 1870. They settled in Spring City, Sanpete Co., Utah and had 13 children. (FS).
[37]Near US 6 and P Ave. or Road No. V77.
[38] About half way between Morengo and Ladora near US-6 and Big Bear Creek.
[39] William Lee ( 1844-1856). Born in Nottinghamshire, England. Died of consumption (a “wasting” disease, generally, pulmonary tuberculosis). (FS)
[40] William Heaton (1827-1877).  Travelled in McArthur Co. with wife, Esther Beilby (1830-1875), Christopher Beilby Heaton (1852-1895), and William McDonald Heaton (1855-1856). Family settled in Payson, Utah. William went to Muddy Mission and St. Joseph, Utah Terr. Died in Orderville, Utah. (FS)
[41] Joseph France (1813-1886). First arrived in Utah with family in 1849. Returning home from mission with Ellsworth, 1856. Settled in Centerville, Utah. Married three plural wives with one family settled in Morgan, Utah. Died in Centerville. (FS)
[42] Loran Isabella Praetor (1853-1856). Born in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England. (FS)
[43] Richard Preator (1826-1911). Travelled with wife, Mary Ann Harper Preator (1824-1878, from Stroud, Gloucestershire). He was from Chalford, Gloucestershire, England. First settled in Springville, Utah, then Richmond, Cache Co., and Fountain Green, San Pete Co., Utah. Mission to Independence, MO., where he organized LDS Branch and died there. (FS)
[44] The route was generally on the north side of Little Bear Creek and the south side of Big Bear Creek. This camping and burial spot would be about half-way between Morengo and Ladora, Iowa. (SHSI).
[45] Barrett has the trail arcing south of US-6 along Big Bear Creek. This undetermined campsite would be somewhere south or southeast of Brooklyn near I-80. (SP-5).
[46] Job Welling, Jr. (1855-1856). Born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. Buried just east of Jacob Krumm Nature Preserve, Jasper Co., Iowa. [Public Land Survey coordinates above]. (FS).
[47] Job Welling (1833-1886). Born in Audlem, Cheshire, England. Travelled in Ellsworth Co. with wife, Francs Elizabeth Yoeman Welling (1830-1865), Settled in Farmington, UT and had six more children. After Elizabeth died, married three plural wives and had several children by each. (OTD, FS).
[48] Assuming the burial of Job was in the morning and they travelled ten miles, the camp would be just west of Newton, IA, probably around US-6 and Highway T12N. This is also about 15 miles from being about three miles below Green Castle for the next camp.
[49] This is a fixed point for Day 10 camp just south and east of present day Oakland Acres.
[50] Based on the fixed point of Camp 10, and the fixed point of Camp 13-14. This is more likely just east of Newton rather than three miles from Green Castle. Galloway may have his days and locations mixed up a bit. The creek is likely one of the two branches of Elk Creek near Newton on current US-6.
[51] Elizabeth “Betsy” Bourne (1824-1878). Born in Ledbury, Herefordshire. Travelled with father, Thomas Bradford Bourne (1796-1869), step-mother, Margaret Evans Bourne (807-1888), and half-siblings, Mary Ann (1822-1887), Margaret (1836-1904), James 1839-1893), Priscilla (1841-1923), Louisa (1843-1922), and John William (1849-1933). Elizabeth is listed in the OTD as in “unknown companies” and by this journal entry should be listed with the rest of her father’s family. (OTD, FS).
[52]  James Bowers (1811-1856). Born in Wrexham, Wales. Died two days later at Indian Creek [probably Fourmile Creek], near Des Moines, IA. Travelled with wife, Mary Lay Bowers (1806-1889) who settled in Nephi, UT and did not remarry. Also travelled with children Abraham (1839-1911), Isaac (1841-1912), Jacob (1844-1934), Isaiah (1846-1926), and Shadrach (1849-1902). (FS)
[53] John Marson Kettle (1803-1856). Born in Lincolnshire, England. Died in American Fork, UT. Travelled with children Elizabeth Kettle Rasdell (1834-1896), Mary Ann (1838-1920), Robert (1841-1928), Eliza (1843-1930), James Ward (1846-1920), Samuel (1850-1928), and Hannah (1854-1943). (FS)
[54] John Lloyd (1817-1883), shoemaker from Trevithin, Monmouthshire, Wales. Possibly knew the Vaughan Family. Wife, Elizabeth Jones (1818-1857) died in Newton, IA. Children Mary (1844-1924), John (1846-1916), William (1849-1910) Thomas (1850-1918), and Jane (1854-1875) settled in Newton, IA. Father John, and children William and Martha (1856-1934) travelled to Utah after 1870, likely on the train, and died there. (FS)
[55] Indian Creek appears to be correct. This would be near its confluence with South Skunk Creek where I-80 crosses today.
[56] Galloway is off a bit on his dates which would help explain the confusion about when they passed through Newton above.
[57] This appears to be Camp Creek.
[58] SHSI give correct interpretation of survey. There is no original US patent to a Mr. Millard. No match is found in the 1850 or 1860 US Census. A more extensive title search would be required. This is a fixed point south of Mitchellville and north of IA-163.
[59] Walter Granger (1821-1905). Travelled in McArthur Co. with wife, Catherine Guthrie Granger (1819-1894), and children Alexander Fullerton (1847-1938), Robert (1842-1882), Catherine (1848-1922), Walter (1851-1865), and John Walker (1852-1859). The family settled in Utah’s Dixie where Walter was a bishop. He also spent time in the territorial penitentiary for polygamy.
[60] This is Fourmile Creek, consistent with Oakley, near where present day IA 163 (the route in 1856 according to ISHS) crosses.
[61] SHSI says this was Rising Sun, IA that was established by that time.
[62] Sidney Sheen (1856-1856) See, Day 18 below.
[63] Approximate, based on fixed points at Nos. 17 and 18. Probably just inside Des Moines Beltway of I-35/80.
[64] The Des Moines River was crossed just above the confluence of the Racoon River on a floating toll bridge. (SHSI)
[65] Not yet identified beyond Archer Walters’s diary.
[66] North Racoon River. See, Galloway, Day 18.
[67] Not identified on modern maps.
[68] Middle Fork of the Racoon (SHSI).
[69] Across the Middle Racoon from the later town of Redfield.
[70] Robert Sheen (1826-1894). From Berrow, Worcestershire, England. Travelled with wife, Eliza Tyler Sheen (1826-1901), father, James Sr. ( 1796-1856, died on arrival in Kaysville, UT, from exhaustion), brother, James Jr. (1830-1927), James’s wife, Mary Shields Sheen (1833-1866), Robert and James’s sisters Hannah (1833-1908) and Ellen (1837-1917), Robert and Eliza’s children, Mary “Polly,” (1848-1926), Louisa Eliza (1850-1919), Ann (1852-1906), Emma (1854-1856), and James and Mary’s child Sidney (1856-1856, who died two days earlier.) 
[71] Near where 285th Street crosses the South Racoon River east of present day Glendon, IA. (SHSI).
[72] Cyrus Williams Card (1814-1900) from Steuben Co., NY. Had one of the wagons accompanying Ellsworth. Traveled with wife, Sarah Ann Tuttle Card (1819-1894) born in Palmyra, NY, his mother, Sarah Sabin Card (1793-1864), and Cyrus and Sarah’s children, Charles Ora (1839-1906), Polly Caroline (1841-1856), Matilda Frances (1852-1875), and Sarah Angeline (1855-1871). Settled first in Farmington, UT, then Cache Valley, UT. Took a second, plural wife in 1859 and maybe a third. Died and buried in Logan, UT.
[73] This would be on the west side of East Nishnabotna near Lewis, IA.
[74] Not yet identified.
[75] This appears to be the West Nishnabotna near Macedonia, IA.
[76] William Birch (1788-1856). Laborer from England. Travelled with Wife Elizabeth Coleman (1839-1918), and William’s son, James (1828-1856) and James’s family. James Birch died on the Big Sandy, 13 September 1856. William’s family settled in Sugarhouse area. William died on 29 November 1856 of weakness and illness from the trail.
[77] Ellen Morris (1840- ) traveling with her father, Bartholomew Morris (1814- ), and daughter Lilly (1856- ) in the McArthur Co. from England. Ellen and family may have remained in Omaha, NE. She may be the one who married a William Castleton in 1871.
[78] This appears to be Keg Creek, about fourteen miles from Council Bluffs or Kanesville.
[79] Pigeon Creek enters the Missouri River about three miles south of the junction of I-29 and I-680, north of Council Bluffs, or Kanesville, IA. The camp appears to have been beyond Kanesville, before Pigeon Creek.
[80] Thomas Columbus Armstrong (1817-1900). Traveled with his mother, Eliza Salt Armstrong (1792-1860), and his son Thomas Columbus Armstrong, Jr. (1843-1892). Had one of the wagons that accompanied first Ellsworth, and then McArthur, from Florence, NE to Salt Lake City. (OTD, FS). They were from Stepney, London, England. Settled in the 2nd Ward, Salt Lake City.

Mormons crossing the Missouri to Winter Quarters, Florence, Nebraska Territory

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